The National park of Tsimanampetsotsa is approximately located 90km south of Tulear and embraces 430 km² of spiny forest and lake. This area is a habitat for water birds, and became a National Park in 1966. Water in this lake is necessary for humans, for animals and for plants in this arid zone. It rains only around 300 mm each year.
Landscape is composed by a calcareous plateau covered with dense endemic spiny forest, huge baobabs, banyan trees, and the sand dunes along the coast covered by a grassy blanket. The park also has numerous caves.
More than 100 species of birds including 5 coua species, Archbold´s newtonia, Madagascar plover, red-shouldered vanga or Lafresnaye´s vanga and a colony of pink flamingos can be found in this area. At least 12 species of mammals cohabits in this park of which the extremely rare and local endemic Grandidier´s mongoose and 4 lemur species such as ring-tailed lemur, Verreaux´s sifaka, Gray-brown mouse lemur and white-footed sportive lemur.
In addition of it, 39 reptile species can be found and the most significant one is the radiated turtle which is endemic to this region and extremely endangered to extinction.
The best period to visit Tsimanampetsotsa is between May and December. Do not forget walking shoes and water since the sun is shining and the temperature may appears very hot on daytime.